It is the first stage of addiction treatment and the episodes involve the addict suffering from withdrawal symptoms (because of the sudden stoppage of using drugs) that are physically and mentally distressing. Modern methods of treatment are directed towards excluding the patient from going through this painful process. For this, they are put on medications (benzodiazepine, methadone, etc.) that make them feel that they are on drugs
even when they are not.
Before addicts can start the highly involved addiction treatment programs, they must undergo detoxification. It last between 5 to 15 days based upon on the severity of the addict. Due to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms that all addicts experience when they abruptly stop using drugs, it can be a frustrating and emotional procedure. Nonetheless, it’s absolutely necessary to a lasting recovery.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy involves behavioral approaches that teach the patient to stay away from drugs or alcohol. Identification of risk behaviors, correction of these behaviors, learning the techniques of time management and improving social skills, learning to share personal experiences in like-minded groups, all form a part of this type
While 12 step treatment programs are intended to help addicts, a large number of addicts find it very effectual. This kind of program assists addicts break seclusion and shows them they are not alone. 12-step groups perceive addiction as the enduring problem that requires a lifelong assistant. Addicts entering a 12 step treatment program select a sponsor who help them in the recovery procedure and work through all the 12 steps of
recovery at their own convenience.
Drug use causes changes in the brain that are long lasting. This is seen to be one of the reasons for a relapse to occur in which the person starts using the drugs again. Medications are used to treat the drug cravings (methadone, disulfiram) that may arise
and lead to a relapse. This treatment is generally completed before the cognitive behavioral therapy is started to make the latter more effective.